The Council covers the area previously administered by the following:
Cam, Coaley, Dursley, Kingswood, North Nibley, Nympsfield, Owlpen, Slimbridge, Stinchcombe, Uley, Wotton-U-Edge
Arlingham, Brookthorpe, Eastington, Elmore, Frampton, Fretherne, Frocester, Hardwicke, Harescombe, Haresfield, Longney, Moreton Valence, Standish, Upton St Leonards, Whitminster
Bisley, Chalford, Cranham, Horsley, Kings Stanley, Leonard Stanley, Minchinhampton, Miserden, Painswick, Pitchcombe, Randwick, Stonehouse, Thrupp, Whiteshill & Ruscombe, Woodchester
Cainscross, Rodborough, Stroud
Alkington, Berkeley, Ham & Stone, Hamfallow, Hinton
Boundary changes in 1991 resulted in the parish of Quedgeley being transferred to Gloucester City. The parishes of Alderley and Hillesley with Tresham (originally within the Sodbury Rural District) joined the Stroud District from North Avon District at the same time.